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About Uruguay

With Christopher Columbus’ discovery of the Americas ushering in Spanish colonialism through much of the Americas, Spanish explorers arrived in the sparsely-populated South American country now known as Uruguay in 1516. Initial resistance from indigenous groups prevented the Spaniards from settling in that country until the early 1600s (when cattle was introduced there). Although no […]

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About Perú

Tourists visiting Peru think firstly of the country’s ancient indigenous civilization – the Inca Empire that goes back to the 13th century. That pre-Columbian empire, during its height, covered not only Peru, but parts of Chile, Bolivia, Ecuador and Colombia (centered on the Andean Mountain regions of these countries). Inca rule over these lands came […]

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About Ecuador

Ecuador, located in a northwest region of South America, has a rich history that goes back to pre-Columbian times, when much of that country was part of the Inca Empire. All that changed when Spanish conquistadores (led by explorer Francisco Pizarro) invaded Ecuador in 1531. During the early part of Spanish colonial rule, Ecuador was […]

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About Colombia.

Colombia’s very name comes from Italian explorer Christopher Columbus, who never actually set foot in that country during his voyages to the Americas. However, one of Columbus’ companions from his second trip, Alonso de Ojeda, was the first European to have done so (in 1499). The gold ornaments that he saw among the local indigenous […]

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Bus

Bus – there is an elaborate network of local buses, known locally as “Micros” (that often connect with Santiago’s Metro stations). The fare is the same as the Metro ($670 pesos, or about US$1.40). The city’s transportation system (TransSantiago) has an informative website (www.transantiago.cl), where passengers can type in their points of origin and destination, […]

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CAR RENTALS

CAR RENTALS – the following car rental agencies operate in Santiago: Avis Rent a Car +56 2 795 3934 Budget Rent a Car: +56 2 362 3605 Chilean Rent A Car: +56 2 2963 8760 Hertz: +56 2 496-1000 National Car Rental: +56 2 245 4445

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Metro

Metro – the Chilean capital’s local Subway system (the Metro) currently have five lines (L1, L2, L4, L4A, and L5) with a sixth line currently under construction (L6). Passengers must buy a “bip!” card to use the Metro (and/or local buses – known as “Micros”). A one way fare (on either the Metro or Micro) […]

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TAXI

TAXI – in Santiago, taxis are easy to spot (they are yellow and black). Upon getting into a taxi, the fare is $1,000 pesos (US$2), and progress from there. Of course, there are a number of taxi companies that are available via phone: Alborada: +56 2 246-4900 Andes Pacifico: +56 2 912-6000 Apoquindo: +56 2 […]

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About Chile

Chile’s pre-Columbian history goes back to the Inca Empire, when the northern and central portions of present-day Chile were part of it. While Spanish conquistadores (led by Francisco Pizarro) conquered the Inca Empire in nearby Peru and established a colonial presence there by 1534 (in the Spanish crown’s quest for gold), Chile wasn’t settled by […]

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About Brazil

Brazil was first discovered in 1500 when a fleet commanded by Portuguese diplomat Pedro Álvares Cabral arrived at a site between present-day Salvador and Rio de Janeiro called Porto Seguro. Since the Portuguese Empire’s priority was trade with the Far East, it didn’t bother to colonize the country until after 1530, when other European powers […]